The term "system" is used to adjust the orientation
The "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" development plan proposes that the construction of a modern industrial system is an important goal to acc
Interpretation of the Provincial Twelfth Five-Year Plan Outline 5
The "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" development plan proposes that the construction of a modern industrial system is an important goal to accelerate the economic transformation and upgrading of our province. What is the modern industrial system, the "Outline" gives a detailed definition: "High-tech industry-led, advanced manufacturing as the support, modern agriculture as the basis, service industry as the main body, structural optimization, advanced technology, clean and safe, A modern industrial system with high added value and strong employability.
"As a modern industrial system in Jiangsu, it should be said that it is a matter of course, and it is also a combination of Chinese characteristics and Jiangsu characteristics." Mao Weiming, director of the Provincial Development and Reform Commission, said.
Advanced manufacturing base, support point for system construction
It is necessary to build our province into an advanced manufacturing base and develop strategic emerging industries to become an important part of the "Outline."
Before the Spring Festival this year, the “Jiangsu Province Emerging Industry Venture Capital Guidance Fund” was officially established, which brought hope to countless emerging industrial enterprises with SMEs as the mainstay. Accelerating the development of emerging industries is an important driving force for building a modern industrial system. Mao Weiming explained that Jiangsu is a big economic province, but far from a strong economic province. From the perspective of three industrial structures, the proportion of service industry is low and development is lagging. From the second production, it is at the low end of the industrial chain, and added value. It is not high; from the core technology, the dependence on technology is relatively high. To reverse this situation, it is necessary to vigorously develop emerging industries and seize the commanding heights of industrial development as soon as possible.
The "Outline" proposes: "In-depth implementation of the emerging industry multiplication plan, focusing on the development of new energy, new materials, biotechnology and new medicine, energy conservation and environmental protection, software and service outsourcing, Internet of Things and next-generation information technology, etc. Develop high-end equipment manufacturing, optoelectronics, smart grid and other emerging industries.” Looking at the “Outline”, the goal of emerging industry development in the next five years is extremely clear: focus on more than 300 major industrialization projects, and cultivate more than 500 major independent innovation products. More than 200 well-known brands at home and abroad. By 2012, the sales revenue of the six emerging industries will double, reaching more than 5 trillion yuan by 2015, forming a group of technology-leading enterprises and industrial bases of 100 billion yuan. If the six emerging industries reach a scale of 5 trillion yuan during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, accounting for 30% of industrial output value and accounting for 15% of GDP, then these emerging industries will become the new dominant force in our province. Industry and pillar industries.
"To achieve the leap-forward development of emerging industries, Jiangsu should not only become a manufacturing province for emerging industries, but also a major province for application," said Qian Zhixin, a professor at Nanjing University. He believes that in order to achieve high-end and internationalization of emerging industries, it is necessary to master core technologies, which needs to be promoted through large-scale applications.
To build an advanced manufacturing base, it is also necessary to comprehensively upgrade leading industries and traditional industries, which is an important link in building a modern industrial system. Relevant persons pointed out that the construction of a modern industrial system cannot forget the traditional industries, and the urgency of upgrading and upgrading is more urgent than ever. Traditional industries are not without markets, not sunset industries, and there are many permanent industries that are constantly creating markets, upgrading markets, opening markets, and improving markets. For example, clothing is the most typical. There is a stage in which the clothing is the sunset industry. No one has said this now. In the clothing industry, in addition to design, quality, fabrics, and more is the promotion of trademarks and brands. Now the apparel industry far exceeds the practical functions. Another example is the metallurgical industry, which is an important basic industry of the national economy. It needs it at all times and needs constant improvement.
Building a modern service industry highland, and adjusting the structure can not do the "homework"
Accelerating the development of modern service industry is an important direction for building a modern industrial system. The "Outline" proposes to accelerate the formation of an industrial structure based on service economy and establish a brand-new image of "Jiangsu service."
Why should we form an industrial structure with a service economy as the mainstay? This is because at present, the proportion of service industry in the three industrial structures in our province is still low, the development of the service industry is not sufficient, and the development of the service industry is relatively lagging behind. "The key to structural adjustment is the three industrial structures. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, Jiangsu will have to make greater determination, take greater efforts, and take greater measures to develop the service industry." Mao Weiming said, "to the ten At the end of the 2nd Five-Year Plan, if the service industry accounts for 48% of the total, it will initially establish a new development pattern centered on the service industry."
How to develop modern service industry during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period? The "Outline" clarifies the direction of development, that is, "in the direction of marketization, industrialization, socialization, and internationalization, to promote the concentration of production services, the facilitation of life services, the networking of basic services, and the equalization of public services. Promote the proportion of service industry, structural optimization and competitiveness." During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the added value of the service industry as a share of GDP and the proportion of employees in the service industry accounted for more than one percentage point per year. By 2015, the production service industry accounted for more than 40% of the province's service industry added value.
There are many service industries. According to the plan, the province will focus on the development of finance, logistics, trade and circulation, tourism, real estate, software and information services, service outsourcing, technology services, business services, education and training, and families in the next five years. Service industry.
In addition, the "Outline" also emphasizes the need to accelerate the professional development of the service industry, that is, to promote the separation and development of service industries in manufacturing enterprises, and to establish various professional service enterprises from product creation, design, research and development to logistics, marketing, brand promotion and so on. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the province separates more than 1,000 manufacturing enterprises to develop service industries each year, of which no fewer than 50 leading enterprises in key industries in the province each year.
Industrial agglomeration development, forming the next round of Jiangsu competition new advantages
Accelerating the development of industrial agglomeration is to form a new competitive advantage in the next round of our province.
Mao Weiming believes that further improving the level of industrial agglomeration development is an important way to build a modern industrial system. Intensive development of industry, if it is still dispersed according to the original ideas, relatively small, relatively low-end, certainly does not constitute a modern industrial system, "now the value-added rate of the entire domestic industry is only 25%, the value-added rate of industrial enterprises in developed countries is 40% We are 15 percentage points lower because the current industry chain is incomplete and the value-added rate is not high. If there is a complete design, manufacturing, sales, and entire marketing network, the whole benefit will remain in the industry chain. Therefore, to form an industrial chain, it is sure to follow the characteristic industrial base to form a circular economy before and after, so that its competitiveness is strong."
To make a fuss about the industry chain, make a fuss about the core competitiveness, and make a fuss about independent innovation, we need to improve the level of aggregation. According to the plan, our province will focus on emerging and advantageous industries, relying on professional parks, science parks and development zones to guide the gathering of emerging industries, leading industries and traditional advantageous industries, and form a group of market influence, industry supporting capacity and innovation. A strong industrial base with strong vitality will build an industrial base pattern with “band”, “group” and “net” distribution. Focus on building Nanjing software and service outsourcing, Suzhou electronic information and nanotechnology, Wuxi solar energy and Internet of Things and other leading, innovation-driven and brand-driven bases. By 2015, we will cultivate and build 100 provincial-level characteristic industrial bases with sales revenues exceeding 20 billion yuan, and gradually form a development pattern of “one county and one base”. At the same time, efforts will be made to develop a modern service industry cluster. By 2015, there will be more than 100 provincial-level modern service industry clusters.
"According to our target system, by the end of the 'Twelfth Five-Year' period, Jiangsu's total economic output must reach 10,000 US dollars per capita, which is an important sign. The end of the '11th Five-Year Plan' period is 4 trillion yuan, with an average annual growth rate of 10%. In such a stage of development, with high-tech as the forerunner and emerging industries as an important driving force, it will gradually constitute such an emerging industrial system with the service economy as the main body and the modern and efficient agricultural foundation consolidated. It should be said that Jiangsu can be fully established. Mao Weiming said. Our reporter Song Xiaohua